What is goitre?​

The enlargement of the thyroid gland is called "goitre". If there is no nodule development during this enlargement and if the hormones are normal, it is called "diffuse goitre" or "simple goitre".  If more than 10% of the population have goitre, it is called "endemic goitre".  Turkey is an endemic region.

Causes of Goitre

 The most common cause of diffuse goitre is iodine deficiency. When iodine deficiency occurs, the production of thyroid hormones diminishes and it causes the thyroid gland to enlarge, causing the pituitary gland in the brain to secrete TSH hormone. Cabbage and cabbage-derived foods, corn contain goitre-promoting ingredients, but it is not advised to stop or restrict these foods.  Apart from these, selenium deficiency is also a factor for goitre development.

In the examination, the thyroid gland is grown without nodule, in other words diffusely.  Hormones are normal. Antibodies are negative.  Hormone (Levothyroxine) therapy can be recommended for children and adolescents. If the goitre is large and there are compression findings, surgery is recommended.